Grève des conducteurs de bus à Singapour

Première grève à Singapour depuis 25 ans

Une grève sauvage par des immigrants chinois chauffeurs d’autobus met l’accent sur la différence de salaire de 30% avec leurs homologues malaisiens ou singapouriens.

Singapour, qui a connue sa dernière grande grève en 1986, par les travailleurs des chantiers navals, n’a pas de salaire minimum et interdit aux travailleurs des transports en commun et d’autres services essentiels de faire grève sans préavis de 14 jours.


Singapore’s first strike in 25 years shines spotlight on racial tensions

Wildcat strike by immigrant Chinese bus drivers focuses on 30% pay difference with Malaysian or Singaporean drivers.

http://juralib.noblogs.org/files/2012/11/254.jpg

Police patrol an apartment complex where striking Chinese bus drivers had gathered to protest at being paid less than local workers.

An illegal strike by Chinese bus drivers in Singapore has highlighted tensions over immigration in the city-state and exposed the unfavourable treatment of lower-skilled foreign workers.

The strike, the first in the tightly regulated Asian financial centre in more than 25 years, was motivated partly by the fact that Chinese drivers are paid less than their Singaporean and Malaysian peers. The Chinese are paid S$1,075 Singapore dollars (£549) a month compared with S$1,400 for a Malaysian driver.

For the first two days of this week, buses ran late and crowded in a city that prides itself on efficiency, leading to complaints from customers.

On Monday, 171 drivers failed to turn up and 88 did not report for work on Tuesday. Most returned on Wednesday after officials from the Chinese embassy spoke to them late on Tuesday. Drivers had also face pressure from the acting manpower minister, Tan Chuan Jin, who warned them they had « crossed the line ». Riot police were stationed near their hostel.

The walkout exposed xenophobic attitudes towards Chinese workers, who largely do menial, low-status work deemed unappealing by locals. A reader on the Today newspaper website calling himself Leonard Low wrote: « This is Singapore NOT China. If you cannot follow the law of the land please go back to your own country and strike. »

Another, James Teo, wrote: « Those who broke our laws of assembly and illegal strikes must be charged in court, fined, jailed or both, deported and banned from ever coming to Singapore. »

There were similar comments on Tan’s Facebook page, with Bao Heng commenting: « These [Chinese] drivers don’t deserve the same salary and benefits. Many Singaporeans would agree with me that Malaysians drivers are safer drivers. » In the case of SMRT Corp, one of Singapore’s two bus companies, Chinese nationals account for about 450 of the 2,000 or so drivers on its payroll. The island of 5.2 million people relies on hundreds of thousands of immigrants from countries such as China, Indonesia and Bangladesh, particularly in the construction, hospitality and transport sectors. The influx has strained public services and sparked a backlash, with accusations that foreign workers are stealing jobs, pushing up housing costs and crowding public transport.

Such sentiments were blamed for Singapore’s ruling People’s Action party receiving its lowest share of the vote – 60% – since 1965 in elections last May.

Singapore, which had its last major industrial action in 1986, by shipyard workers, has no minimum wage and prohibits workers in public transport and other essential services from going on strike without giving notice of 14 days. SMRT, which said the strike affected about 5% of its bus services, claimed the difference in pay between the Chinese and Malaysian bus drivers was due to the Malaysians being permanent employees.

The strikers also complained that SMRT switched them to a six-day week with slightly higher pay from a five-day week that had allowed them to earn more by doing overtime.

Presse esclavagiste (Haroon Siddique and agencies, guardian.co.uk, 28 novembre 2012)


Singapour. La première grève en 26 ans fait chou blanc [sic, NdJL]

La première grève à avoir lieu depuis 26 ans dans la très capitaliste Singapour a largement échoué : les 171 chauffeurs de bus chinois qui exigeaient une hausse de salaire étaient mercredi dans leur très grande majorité retournés au travail sans avoir obtenu gain de cause.

Les chauffeurs de bus chinois de la compagnie de transport publique SMRT avaient cessé le travail lundi, réclamant d’être payés autant que leurs confrères malaisiens. Mais l’arrêt de travail a été déclaré illégale par les autorités, comme toute grève dans les « services essentiels », à moins qu’un préavis de deux semaines soit donné, ce qui n’avait pas été le cas.

La police a diligenté une enquête et certains grévistes ont été interrogés, selon le quotidien The Straits Times. Mercredi, seuls six chauffeurs n’étaient toujours pas retournés devant leur volant, selon la SMRT.

Les grèves sont extrêmement rares à Singapour, cité-État régulièrement classée parmi les pays les plus « libéraux » en matière économique. La dernière remonte à 1986, selon les autorités.

Presse esclavagiste (Ouest-France.fr, 28 novembre 2012)

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